12. Writing Review Papers (Peter B. Moyle)

I. What is a Research Paper?
There are two kinds of research papers. Primary or experimental research papers describe an experiment performed by the author. (I mean "experiment" in the broadest sense, as in a scientific investigation. The investigation may employ a rigorously controlled lab experiment, a controlled field experiment, a theoretical/mathematical investigation, or simply some new scientific observations. The key is that the body of the paper is about a novel investigation conducted by the author.) Secondary or review research papers summarize the research that has been done in a particular area. Reviews generally do not introduce much new information or new results, but rather synthesize a larger body of work, providing a new perspective on a field or question. In this class, you will be required to write a scientific review paper. A secondary research paper or review paper is not a 'book report' or an annotated list of experiments in a particular field, but demands a considerable, complete literature review. However, beyond just reporting the results and conclusions of other studies, the review must integrate, interpret and expand these conclusions. Often, articles must be read over and over again to really understand the subtle relevance of a particular result or conclusion. Then, the independent conclusions of separate investigations must be combined into a cohesive presentation. They must be contrasted and compared; are there conflicting conclusions? Can apparent conflicts be resolved through a new outlook or interpretation? Review papers often take historical perspectives, describing how a field (and the major questions in that field) changed as more information was accumulated. Or, review papers may focus on 'the state of the art' in a particular field; interpreting divergent results and suggesting an appropriate avenue for future research. Who writes review articles? Usually, it is the experts in a particular field. They have the experience and knowledge to critically evaluate experiments and organize them in a new provocative way; perhaps incorporating them into a new, unifying theory. Good review papers are not easy to write; if they were, more scientists would write them. By writing your review paper, I expect you to become a 'departmental expert' on a topic, able to 'wow' your fellow AP biology students with your new knowledge about your field. I do expect to see a creative synthesis of the literature, rather than a jumbled regurgitation of facts.

Science Thesis Writing Review Paper

Writing a Review Paper - Trent University

Writing a Review Paper - Montana State

Years ago, the top journals would not publish review papers, as they were not considered as original research. This position has changed quite dramatically as editors have come to realize that good review papers are often highly cited. These citations translate to higher impact factors for the journals (a factor on which many authors base their decisions on where to publish; but impact factors are a subject for another day). Thus, review papers are now fairly welcome. While one cannot make a career of writing review papers, one or two well placed ones can help greatly increase your overall citation count. As one’s career progresses these citations become the basis for establishing other indices that consider not only the total number of citations acquired by each paper but the aggregate of the citations from all of an author’s citations.

How to write critical review paper :: Phone Teacher

Under point 3, the first form (ignoring criticism) has recieved most attention. However, reading between the lines, I feel that the second form is relatively common as well, where groups of researchers try to "claim" a specific topic (intentionally or unintentionally), so that their body of work is the go-to reference for this topic. A good way to achive this would be to preferentially cite work from within the group, especially if you are already a well established researcher. This can be particularly powerful if you are writing review papers of topics, since these can be used to define the core literature of a topic for future researchers that discover the field (probably related: ).

Anesthesiology Writing Workshops Review Papers
Writing Review Paper, Part 3: Writing Literature Review , by nader ale

Man, writing review papers is hard

Only strict replications, not convergent data from different methods, will be tracked in the proposed system. This may seem counter-intuitive, since tracking converging results is crucial for determining which theories are most predictive. However, the goal of the proposed system is not to directly evaluate which theories are right, but to determine which results are right – that is, which patterns of data are reliable. Consider that while converging results may suggest that the original finding replicates, diverging results may only indicate that the differences in the methodologies were meaningful. For this reason, we focus solely on tracking strict replications. We believe that evaluating the complex theoretical implications of a large body of data is best handled by researchers themselves (i.e., when writing review papers), and is likely not feasible with an automated system.

Instead of writing review papers on the reading assignments above, work through the

ods and practice of writing review papers (46)

:To help prepare you to read reviews for pretty much the rest of yourmedical career AND prepare the introduction to your thesis (not thepublishable version!), you will write a review paper covering thetopics implied by the research question in your thesis. Thereare two approaches to this assignment. First, you can writethe review with eventual publication (or some other use) in mind. Students in this class have published their reviews (notmany, but it does happen) and their work has been used by their labs aspart of the groundwork for new students. In at least oneinstance, the PI was so impressed with the review that the student wasasked to draft the intro to the publishable version based on the work.

This assignment follows the standard rules of writing review papers in psychology

Guidelines for writing review papers

Includes chapters on preparing and submitting manuscripts, determining authorship, searching for information, integrating statistical methods and results into your writing, designing tables and figures, converting your thesis or dissertation to a journal manuscript, deciding where to submit your manuscript, responding to peer review, preparing poster and oral presentations for professional meetings, writing review papers, and reviewing a scientific paper.